National Planning Awards 2000
Each year, the American Planning Association recognizes the plans, practices, people, and places that further the field of planning and help create communities of lasting value.
The National Planning Awards jury was chaired by Dennis Andrew Gordon, AICP.
APA Outstanding Planning Awards
APA Outstanding Planning Award for a Plan
Blueprint for Liberty — Future Land Use Plan
Engaging citizen support and building consensus can be some of the most challenging aspects of developing a comprehensive plan. Over two years, however, residents of Liberty demonstrated just how far such involvement can go. Holding a variety of forums, workshops, and meetings, planners in this small town outside Kansas City were able to increase public participation at the same time as they addressed sustainable development, transportation, housing, open space, and historic preservation.
APA Outstanding Planning Award for Implementation
Forest Park Master Plan
St. Louis, Missouri
Thanks to a city-wide effort involving both for-profit and non-profit partners, Forest Park is being restored to the world-class stature it held nearly a century ago. Site of the 1904 World's Fair, the park is home to St. Louis's major cultural institutions as well as to some of the city's oldest forested areas. Having developed an extensive master plan and raised $100 million for its implementation, St. Louis has set a new standard for park plans and projects.
APA Outstanding Planning Award for a Project/Program/Tool
Revitalizing the Landscape in the New Economy
Hancock County Planning Commission, Maine
To help boost the local economy and spur employment in the local forestry, fishing, and farming industries, the Hancock County Planning Commission developed an innovative, multi-pronged program that used local food growers and small woodlot owners to help expand the local economy.
APA Outstanding Planning Award for Special Community Initiative
Southside Institutions Neighborhood Alliance (SINA): Trinity College; Connecticut Children's Medical Center; Connecticut Public Television; Hartford Hospital; and the Institute for Living
Facing unemployment, racial discord, and drug abuse in Hartford's south side neighborhoods, planners, citizen activists, and local institutions joined together to develop a sweeping, $175-million community initiative. The initiative restored a sense of hope and renewed commitment to the community through affordable housing, construction of an educational complex and performing arts center, job training, and improved public safety.
AICP National Planning Landmark Awards
The landmark designations honor places, programs, laws, and publications that are at least 25 years old and that have had a significant impact on planning in the U.S.
The two landmarks and three pioneers for 2000 were chosen by a jury chaired by Laurence C. Gerckens, AICP.
AICP National Planning Landmarks Awards
The Plan of Philadelphia
Only a year after William Penn approved the siting of the city, the 1683 Plan of Philadelphia was created. Penn's plan provided for two square miles of development within what was then wilderness and a "city center" block for the construction of future buildings located a mile inland from the Delaware River waterfront. Philadelphia was the first large American city to utilize the grid street pattern, to provide dedicated land exclusively for open green public squares, to provide street widths that vary with their functions, and to include a planned area intended to accommodate significant and long-term future growth.
New Jersey State Supreme Court: Mt. Laurel Decision
With this 1975 decision, the New Jersey Supreme Court created an unprecedented statewide fair share of affordable housing obligation, resulting in the elimination of exclusionary zoning barriers and a plan-based process for provision of low- and moderate-income housing. In response, New Jersey instituted a State Development and Redevelopment Guide Plan, the Fair Housing Act, and the Council on Affordable Housing. The ruling also led other states to establish affordable housing directives and options.
AICP National Planning Pioneer Awards
Planning pioneers have made major contributions to planning practice, education, or theory.
Albert Mayer made outstanding contributions to new town development in America during the 1930s, and he had exceptional foresight, demonstrated by his prediction in 1938 that uncontrolled suburban growth would strain transportation and erode the countryside.
In 1946 he initiated direct citizen participation in planning, decades ahead of the rest of the country. Following World War II, he went on to practice his skills in India and Canada. Mayer used his 1967 book, The Urgent Future, to expose the abuse of statistics in planning to justify the continuation of what has always been.
Lawrence T. Veiller
Recognized as the leading American proponent of housing standards, codes, and enforcement during the early 1900s, Lawrence Veiller was a graduate of City College in New York, a housing reformer, and a critic of the dumbbell flats built throughout the city after the passage of the "old law" in 1879.
He led a successful campaign for revision of tenement house laws that resulted in the "new law" of 1901. He served as deputy commissioner of the New York City Tenement House Department, organized the National Housing Association, and served as its first director. During the 1920s, he played an instrumental role in drafting the Standard Zoning Law.
Beginning her career as an advocate for community improvement ministering to the health needs of the poor, Lillian Wald discovered that those needs could not be addressed without comprehensive attention to the problems of the community and the region in which the poor resided.
After organizing The Henry Street Settlement in New York City, she sought legislative and design solutions for child welfare, transportation, housing, playgrounds, and open space. A founder of the Outdoor Recreation League and the Committee on Congestion of Population, she helped organize the First National Conference on City Planning in 1909 and in 1922 helped initiate the "Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs."
APA Distinguished Leadership Awards
A resident of one of the most rapidly developing counties in Tennessee, Eska Garrison has tracked local planning issues for the last 30 years. Whether helping establish the county's first greenway, addressing future growth and sprawl decades before today's attention to these issues, or commenting on zoning ordinances, Garrison was involved. Even in her senior years, Garrison has remained active, serving on the county's strategic plan steering committee and chairing the local League of Women Voters planning committee.
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California
Only a couple of months out of school, Alison Pernell's list of planning-related projects reads more like the credit list of someone who has been a practicing planner for several years than the resume of a recent graduate. While working toward her bachelor's degree in city and regional planning, Pernell maintained high academic grades, being named to the Dean's and President's Honor Rolls. Pernell has a particular interest in sustainability, an issue that she encouraged students and faculty at Cal Poly to become involved with and that shaped her senior-year project: construction of a straw bale building on campus.
Frederick Bair, Jr.
Much of today's planning theory and practice is based on Fred Bair's 40 years of professional practice and 16 groundbreaking studies. His three editions of The Text of a Model Zoning Ordinance guided the efforts of planners for several decades. Indeed, most of the current zoning for mobile and manufactured homes, recreational equipment storage, and signage, among other issues, is based on Bair's work.
Governor Christine Todd Whitman (R-N.J.)
During the past six years, Gov. Christine Whitman has helped lead the way in New Jersey planning efforts, from implementing a ballot initiative to preserving one million acres of open space and farmland over the next decade to securing $3 million to help local jurisdictions with smart growth planning. The governor also initiated a $700 million affordable housing program and provided crucial support for the state's Development and Redevelopment Plan — a blueprint for redeveloping cities, relieving congestion, and containing sprawl.
APA Current Topic Award: "Growing Smart" Initiatives and Applications
Palm Beach County Managed Tier System
West Palm Beach, Florida
Development pressures and expected increases in population led Palm Beach County planning officials to develop an innovative approach for managing growth that can be used in other communities facing similar issues. Using a system with distinct geographical areas or tiers, the county's approach balances protection of important environmental recourses with residents' needs concerning choices about lifestyles, housing options, employment opportunities, and recreation.
APA Public Education Award
YouthPower Project and Guide
El Arco Iris and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst
In four years students participating in the YouthPower Project helped design a community greenhouse and plaza, plan a walking path along a city canal, and beautify public spaces. At the same time, they overcame a host of obstacles including poverty and language barriers.
Through their YouthPower Guide, produced in collaboration with the Urban Places Project of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, they provide step-by-step information about how others can get youths similarly involved with planning-related issues and projects in their communities.
AICP President's Award
In recognition of an outstanding example of planning in an ethical professional manner.
Ken Reardon and the East St. Louis Action Research Project, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana
This unique program developed by University of Illinois Associate Professor Ken Reardon has helped stabilize and revitalize economically distressed areas of East St. Louis during the past decade. Involving students in planning, architecture and landscape architecture and several community-based organizations, the project helped build 10 new units of affordable housing, develop a farmers market, re-route a light rail commuting train line, and complete eight neighborhood plans.
HUD Secretary's Opportunity and Empowerment Award
Women's Housing and Economic Development Corporation
Bronx, New York
Setting a new standard for federally funded affordable housing and economic development projects is the Urban Horizons Economic Development Center in the South Bronx. Not only does the Center provide affordable homes to 132 families, but the site also has a public school for elementary- and middle-school students and job training programs.
Located in a neighborhood where joblessness approaches 50 percent and less than half the residents graduate from high school, Urban Horizons has helped more than 300 people find work and helped more than 80 entrepreneurs start or expand small businesses since opening its doors in 1997.
APA Legislator of the Year Awards
Senator Olympia Snowe (R-Maine)
Since her election to the Senate in 1994, Sen. Olympia Snowe has been a leader on coastal planning and management issues. She is the author of pending legislation to reauthorize the nation's most important federal planning and conservation program for coastal areas, the Costal Zone Management Act, and a leading advocate for smart growth and community livability.
Sen. Snowe consistently supports policy for sound planning. In a bold move during the 105th Congress, she cast a critical vote effectively derailing a bill that would have inhibited local governments from enforcing land-use and planning decisions.
Representative Earl Blumenauer (D-Ore.)
Twenty years before Congress passed the 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act, Rep. Earl Blumenauer, as a state legislator, authored landmark land-use and transportation legislation that mandated a multi-modal, state-wide comprehensive transportation plan in Oregon.
Recently, Rep. Blumenauer has authored legislation requiring post offices to adhere to local zoning and land-use laws; eliminating incentives for development in disaster-prone flood-plains; protecting open space; and encouraging downtown reinvestment. He is a founder and co-chair of the House Livable Communities Task Force and the Congressional Bike Caucus.
2000 AICP Student Project Awards
In recognition of outstanding papers or class projects by a student or group of students from accredited planning programs. The AICP Student Project Awards Jury of 2000 was chaired by Dean Palos, AICP.
Best Demonstrates the Contribution of Planning to Contemporary Issues
Seminary Square Eco-Village Plan
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
Advisors: Carlos Chifos and Brenda Scheer, AICP
Students: Rahmawati Husein, Michell Smith, Sheng Yu, Josh Whitehead, Channing Henderson, Jing Jin, Leshia Helton, Tao Huang, Yogesh Saoji, Martin Mikush, Annileshwari Jawahar,Jie Shao, Matthew Neugebauer, Emeka Monema, Evelyn Kasongo, Nvard Manasian, Emmanual Manyindo, Samanatha Chundur, Sandesh Samarai, Sonali Bandaranayake, Ivy Thompson
The 21 students in a University of Cincinnati graduate planning workshop were given a task: devise a strategy to turn the 50-square-block Seminary area into an urban "eco-village." Their overall goal was to show how sustainable development could be a viable planning option. Completed in1999, the Seminary Square Eco-Village Plan was one of the resulting projects and implementation of the plan followed shortly.
A demonstration house recommended in the students' report will be part of the annual Seminary Square Eco-Fair, which is intended to showcase the neighborhood. The City also made improvements at two neighborhood parks and agreed to fund façade improvements along the Warsaw Avenue business district.
Best Application of the Planning Process
Atascadero Colony in the 21st Century
California Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo, California
Advisor: Zeljka Pavlovich Howard
Students: Scott Aaron, Jennifer Adge, Linda Ajello, Wynee Au, Brian Clevenger, Joshua Cross, Nicol Rister Davis, Christopher Fernandez, Erica Fraser, Christopher Gastelum, Jason Hade, Eric Hanson, Jennifer Hattabaugh, Michael Hoffman, Jason Jones, Howard Lee, Carrie Loarie, Ryan Luckert, Amanda Markarian, Nicole Moore-Lee, Melissa Murphy, Kevin Nguyen, Brain Pavelko, Alison Pernell ,Vanessa Rauschenberger, Sarah Rigamat, German Robles, Rosalind Rondash, Joemil Santos, Yolando Sepulveda, Joel Shirbroun, Loreli Shouman, Sean Warner, Craig Weber, Lesley Xavier
The undergraduate community planning laboratory at California Polytechnic University began work on their draft state-required plan for Atascadero, California with a community profile, followed by a community visioning process and the development of alternative concept plans.
Among the issues identified in their project, "Atascadero Colony in the 21st Century," were maintaining the city's moderate-density residential character, improving the jobs/housing balance, making zoning consistent with the plan, protecting the hillsides, and preserving open space.
The final plan included seven state-required elements, plus four additional ones: economic development, historic preservation, public facilities and utilities, and community design.
APA Journalism Awards
In recognition of outstanding coverage of city and regional planning issues by newspapers in the United States and Canada.
Judges for the 2000 competition were:
John Dowling, news editor at the Associated Press in Chicago
Norma Green, director of the graduate journalism program at Columbia College in Chicago
J. Christopher Lannert, Lannert Group in Chicago
Patrick Reardon, Chicago Tribune
John Vranicar, Field & Golan
Les Pollock, AICP, Camiros, Ltd.
Large Newspapers (circulation above 100,000)
Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago, Illinois
Writer: Lee Bey
Neglect couldn't kill Chicago's Pullman neighborhood, and either could a devastating factory fire that occurred there in December 1998. During 1999, the Chicago Sun-Times adopted Pullman as a cause. Architecture critic Lee Bey reminded readers about Pullman's value to planning and labor history and called for the factory's restoration and conversion to a museum. "Restoring Pullman," an eight-month series, persuaded the state to set aside $10 million to help the upgrade the area.
The Virginian-Pilot, Norfolk, Virginia
Writers: Meredith Kruse and Patrick Lackey
The Virginian- Pilot tackled the issue of mainstream planning — specifically the step taken by the city of Suffolk, Virginia, to adopt a unified development ordinance. Reporter Meredith Kruse and editorial writer Patrick Lackey gave this topic a one-two punch, with consistent beat coverage and editorials.
"The story was reported very well and very carefully," the judges said, "and the paper took a coherent, articulate editorial stance as well."
The Denver Post, Denver, Colorado
Editorial page staff
For 12 weeks, the Denver paper devoted the front page of its Sunday "Perspective" section to issues of growth management, including ways to tackle traffic jams, the lack of affordable housing, and low-density suburban development. The Post's editorial writers also pushed for regional tax-base sharing, government finance reform, and smart growth legislation. And, in a notable example of civic journalism, the paper last year began a series of regional meetings about growth, cosponsored by the University of Colorado's Institute of Policy.
Medium Newspapers (circulation between 50,000-100,000)
Nashville Scene, Nashville, Tennessee
Writer: Christine Kreyling
Christine Kreyling, who covers architecture and planning for the Nashville Scene, "changed the way the city of Nashville thinks about itself," said former major Philip Bredesen.
The judges found her articles on topics from architectural design to zoning squabbles — "witty, engaging, and knowledgeable."
Green Bay Press-Gazette, Green Bay, Wisconsin
The Green Bay Press-Gazette examined an entire region, engaging 23 staff members to create a seven-part series called "Growing Pains: The Suburbanization of Brown County." The series included 31 stories that documented how sprawl hurts both the city and the country side.
"This coverage went beyond reporting to actual planning," the judges said. "Any reader who wanted to be educated about urban issues in the Green Bay region could find it here.'
Small Newspapers (circulation below 50,000)
Poughkeepsie Journal, Poughkeepsie, New York
In 1999, the Poughkeepsie Journal devoted 14 magazines and special sections to a year-long series called "Heralding the New Millennium." One of the major issues explored was the future of the Hudson River Valley, its resources and land development patterns.
"This was a huge commitment from a small newspaper," the judges said.
Journal of the American Planning Association
In recognition of the best contributions during the year to the scholarly journal of APA.David Sloane headed the committee that selected the articles.
"In the Wake of Desegregation: Early Impacts of Scattered-Site Public Housing on Neighborhoods in Yonkers, New York," v. 65, no. 1
Xavier de Souza Briggs, Joe T. Darden, and Angela Aidala
This study examines the early effects of seven scattered-site public housing developments on the receiving neighborhoods in Yonkers, New York, where opposition to court-ordered desegregation was particularly hostile over the last decade.
"The Connection Between Public Transit and Employment: The Cases of Portland and Atlanta," v. 65, no. 3
Thomas W. Sanchez
Much attention is being paid to the role of public transit in employment-related mobility for urban residents, yet there has been little research on the degree to which one affects the other. This article describes a study analyzing the locations and employment characteristics of workers with varying levels of access to public transit. Using census data and a variety of spatial measures generated by a geographic information system (GIS), a mathematical regression was used to estimate the relationship of access to public transit with labor participation levels in Portland, Oregon, and Atlanta, Georgia. The results suggest that access to public transit is a significant factor in determining average rates of labor participation within these two cities.
American Society of Consulting Planners Awards
Smart Growth/Sustainable Planning Principles Awards
Otak, Inc. for the "Model Development Code and User's Guide for Small Cities"
Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning Awards
Karen Fernandez, AICP, and Victoria Basolo, Ph.D., AICP, University of New Orleans
"New Directions 2025, St. Tammany Parish Comprehensive Plan Academic Peer Review"
William J. Kelly, Eastern Washington University, and Kent Anderson, AICP
"Trails to the Future: Communicative Action in Small Town Planning"