Urban Agriculture (PAS 563)

Growing Healthy, Sustainable Places

By Kimberley Hodgson, AICP, Marcia Caton Campbell, Martin Bailkey

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Urban agriculture is rising steadily in popularity in the United States and Canada — there are stories in the popular press, it has an increasingly central place in the growing local food movement, and there is a palpable interest in changing cities to foster both healthier residents and more sustainable communities. The most popular form of urban agriculture, community gardening, contrib...

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Feb. 1, 2011
APA Planning Advisory Service

About the Authors

Kimberley Hodgson
Kimberley Hodgson, MURP, MS, AICP, RD is the founder and principal of Cultivating Healthy Places, an international consulting business specializing in community health, social equity and resilient food systems planning. As a certified planner and health professional, her work focuses on conducting policy-relevant research and providing technical assistance to the public and private sectors related to the design and development of healthy, sustainable places. Hodgson is currently a co-investigator of a $3.96 million grant awarded to the University at Buffalo by the United States Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Food Systems Program. The project, Growing Food Connections, will generate knowledge about the effectiveness of local and regional government policies in improving food security in underserved communities, strengthening the resilience of rural communities, and/or supporting the economic viability of food production, and will build the capacity of local and regional governments to adopt and implement these policies. As the former Senior Research Associate and Manager of the Planning and Community Health Research Center at the American Planning Association, Ms. Hodgson managed several national research projects and engaged in multiple outreach and education activities, which focused on the integration of community health issues into contemporary urban and regional planning practice. She was the principal investigator of a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Healthy Eating Research Program grant to identify and analyze municipal comprehensive and sustainability plans from across the United States that explicitly address food access and other food systems issues. She is the author of Planning for Food Access and Community-Based Food Systems, co-author of Urban Agriculture: Growing Healthy Sustainable Places and a co-author of the Principles of a Healthy, Sustainable Food System. She also served on multiple national advisory committees related to health and the built environment and provided expertise to the First Lady’s Childhood Obesity Prevention Task Force on food systems and food access. Ms. Hodgson is a member of the Vancouver Food Policy Council (VFPC) and the Chair of the American Planning Association’s Food Systems Planning Interest Group (APA-FIG). She holds an undergraduate degree from New York University in pre-medicine, a Master of Science in food policy and applied nutrition from Tufts University, and a Master of Urban and Regional Planning with a specialization in community health and sustainability from Virginia Tech.

Marcia Caton Campbell

Martin Bailkey

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: What is Urban Agriculture?
History of Urban Agriculture
Defining Urban Agriculture
Benefits of Urban Agriculture
Risks of Urban Agriculture
Prerequisites for Urban Agriculture

Chapter 3: Facilitating Urban Agriculture Through Planning Practice
Developing Community Visions and Goals for Urban Agriculture Plan Making
Implementation Mechanisms for Desired Plan Goals
Using Urban Agriculture to Influence the Outcomes of Private Development Projects
Agricultural Urbanism
Supporting Urban Agriculture Through Public-Sector Programs

Chapter 4: Linking Urban Agriculture with Planning Practice
Fostering Resilient Communities
Reclaiming Vacant Land
Reusing Brownfields for Urban Agriculture
Economic Development
Community Health and Wellness
Community Capacity Building and Empowerment

Chapter 5: Planning for Urban Agriculture: Lessons Learned
Appendix 1: Urban Agriculture Components in Food Charters
Appendix 2: Urban Agriculture Components in Local Comprehensive Plans
Appendix 3: Urban Agriculture Components in Local Sustainability Plans
Appendix 4: Urban Agriculture Components in Regional Plans
Appendix 5: Urban Agriculture-Related Zoning Regulations
Appendix 6: Allowances for Poultry, Livestock, or Bees in Animal Control Ordinances
Appendix 7: Other Municipal Policies Supporting Urban Agriculture Resources