Pedestrian- and Transit-Oriented Design

By Reid Ewing, Keith Bartholomew

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If you like walkable communities, take one step forward — and join the crowd. More than half of Americans say they'd rather drive less and walk more. As boomers age and gas prices rise, demand for walkable neighborhoods keeps climbing.

This practical guide shows how to make the leap from urban sprawl to smart growth. It walks readers through a detailed checklist of pedestrian- and ...

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Product Details

Page Count
Date Published
Jan. 1, 2013
Urban Land Institute and APA Planners Press

About the Authors

Reid Ewing

Keith Bartholomew

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Urban Design Qualities

Chapter 3: A Checklist of Essential Features
(1) Medium-to-High Densities
(2) Mix of Land Uses
(3) Short-to-Medium Length Blocks
(4) Transit Routes Every Half-Mile Maximum
(5) Two- to Four-Lane Streets (with Rare Exceptions)
(6) Continuous Sidewalks Wide Enough for Couples
(7) Safe Crossings
(8) Appropriate Buffering from Traffic
(9) Street-Oriented Buildings
(10) Comfortable and Safe Places to Wait

Chapter 4: A Checklist of Highly Desirable Features
(1) Supportive Commercial Uses
(2) Grid-like Street Networks
(3) Traffic Calming
(4) Closely Spaced Shade Trees
(5) Not Much "Dead" Space (or Visible Parking)
(6) Nearby Parks and Other Public Spaces
(7) Small-Scale Buildings (or Articulated Larger Ones)
(8) Pedestrian-Scale Lighting
(9) Classy Looking Transit Facilities

Chapter 5: A Checklist of Nice Additions
(1) Landmarks
(2) "Street Walls"
(3) Functional Street Furniture
(4) Coherent, Small-Scale Signage
(5) Special Paving
(6) Public Art
(7) Water Features
(8) Outdoor Dining
(9) Underground Utilities

Chapter 6: Conclusion

Appendix A: What the Travel Literature Tells Us
Appendix B: What the Visual Preference Literature Tells Us
Appendix C: What the Hedonic Price Literature Tells Us
Appendix D: What the Traffic Safety Literature Tells Us
Appendix E: What TOD Manuals Tell Us


"Ewing and Bartholomew have delivered an accessible and highly readable guidebook ... [The book's] checklists are helpful to practitioners — planners, engineers, urban designers, and others — but will also provide a useful reference for planning commissioners, elected officials, and advocates for these places. Readers also benefit from the concise writing and extensive use of lists, tables, photographs, and illustrations to make points... With its attention to the little details and examples from contemporary practice, this book offers very useful guidance for how to make places work for transit and pedestrians.
— Whit Blanton, FAICP, founding principal, Renaissance Planning Group; full review in the Journal of the American Planning Association, Autumn 2013