Planning and Urban Design Standards

By American Planning Association

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Planning and Urban Design Standards is a comprehensive sourcebook on everything from regional plans to streetscapes. With extensive illustrations and concise explanations, the book is a quick reference focused on practical applications. It is a must-have guidebook for planning agencies, scholars, and professionals in allied fields.

The latest addition to the respected Graphic Standards Serie...

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List Price $99.00

Product Details

Page Count
Date Published
Feb. 3, 2006
John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

About the Authors

American Planning Association

Table of Contents

Part I: Plans and Plan Making

1.Plan Making

2.Types of Plans

Comprehensive Plans • Urban Design Plans • Regional Plans • Neighborhood Plans • Downtown Plans • Corridor Plans • Redevelopment Area Plans • Transportation Plans • Housing Plans • Economic Development Plans • Community Facilities Plans • Parks and Open Space Plans • Critical and Sensitive Areas Plans • Hazard Mitigation Plans


Role of Participation • Stakeholder Identification • Surveys • Asset Mapping • Community Visioning • Charrettes • Public Meetings • Public Hearings • Computer-Based Public Participation • Facilitation • Consensus Building and Dispute Resolution

4.Planning Movements

The Landscape Tradition • Engineering Livable Cities • Garden Cities • City Beautiful • Practical Planning • Regionalism, 1910 to 1940 • Public Housing and Urban Renewal • Measuring and Modeling • Advocacy and Equity Planning • Urban Growth and Environmental Concerns • Statewide Land-Use Planning Programs • Redesigning Downtown • Renewed Neighborhoods, New Towns, and New Urbanism • New Regionalism • Environmental Justice • Sustainability • Healthy Cities and Communities

Part II: Environmental Management

1.Environmental Management Overview


Air quality • Air Sheds • Heat Islands


Hydrologic Cycle • Watersheds • Aquifers • Groundwater Movement and Recharge • Rivers and Streams • Floodplains and Riparian Corridors • River and Stream Restoration • Types of Wetlands • Wetlands Delineation • Wetlands Mitigation • Beach and Dune Systems • Estuaries, Flats, and Marshes


Soils Classification and Mechanics • Slope, Relief, and Aspect • Habitat Patches, Corridors, and Matrix • Disturbance Zones • Biodiversity Protection • Invasive Species


Flood Hazards • Erosion and Sedimentation • Hurricanes and Coastal Storms • Landslides • Sinkholes and Subsidence • Earthquakes • Wildfires • Underground Leaks • Hazardous Materials • Seiches and Tsunamis • Noise and Vibration • Multi-Hazards

Part III: Structures

1.Building Types

Residential Types • Manufactured Housing • Office Buildings • Warehouse and Distribution Facilities • Elementary, Middle, and High Schools • Fire and Rescue Stations • Police Stations • Medical Facilities


Sidewalks • Hierarchy of Streets and Roads • Street Networks and Street Connectivity • Alleys and Driveways • Vehicle Turning Radii • Traffic Calming • Pedestrian Friendly Streets • Considerations for Determining Parking Ratios • Shared Parking • Passenger Vehicle Dimensions For Parking Design • Vehicle Circulation For Parking Design • Parking Space Dimensions • Parking Lot Design • On-Street Bikeways • Multi-User Trails • Transit Planning Process • Bus Transit • Bus Rapid Transit • Rail Transit • Intermodal and Multimodal Transit Facilities • Airport and Land Use Interface • Airports: Airside • Airports: Landside


Waste Management Overview • Transfer Stations • Landfills • Incinerators • Waste Diversion • Hazardous Waste Management • Composting • Wastewater Overview • Wastewater Collection Systems • Wastewater Treatment • Natural Treatment of Wastewater • Stormwater Overview, Runoff, and Recharge • Stormwater Treatment • Stormwater Drainage and Flood Management • Water Supply • Water Treatment • Water Storage and Distribution • Water Conservation • Wireless Infrastructure Overview • Co-Location Of Wireless Equipment


Signs Generally • On-premise signs • Legal Issues In Sign Regulation

5.Parks and Open Space

Types of Parks • Greenways and Trails • Conservation Areas • Playgrounds

6.Farms and Forestry

Farms • Feedlots • Forestry

Part IV: Places and Placemaking


2.Theories of City Form

Urban Pattern Theories • Urban Morphology • Life-Cycle Model of Land-Use Change • Early Theories: Concentric Zones, Sector Theory, and Multiple Nuclei • Recent Theories: Dispersed City, Edge City, and Peripheral City

3.Places and Districts

Neighborhoods • Neighborhood Centers • Physical Structure Of Downtowns • Commercial Corridors • Historic Districts • Waterfronts • Specialty Retail Districts • Sexually Oriented Businesses • Arts Districts • Convention Center Districts • Industrial Parks • Office Parks • Main Streets

4.Development Types

Mixed-Use Development • Transit-Oriented Development • Conservation Developments • Infill Development • Hope VI

5.Design Considerations

Environmental Site Analysis • Urban Analysis • Scale and Density • Safety • Walkability • LEED • Energy-Efficient Development • Green Infrastructure • Wayfinding Systems • Streetscape

Part V: Analysis Techniques

1.Projections and Demand Analysis

Population Projections • Economic Base and Econometric Projections • Housing Needs Assessment • Parks and Open Space Needs Assessment

2.Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment • Fiscal Impact Assessment • Traffic Impact Assessment • Transit Impact Assessment • Traffic Sheds


Mapping Data Overview • Aerial Photographs • Topographic Maps • Cadastral Maps • Census Data and Demographic Mapping • Remote Sensing and Image Classification • Geographic Information Systems


Visualization Overview • Montage Visualization • Three-Dimensional (3-D) Visualization • Visual Preference Techniques

Part VI: Implementation Techniques

1.Legal Foundations

Planning Law Overview • Property Rights, Police Power, Nuisance, and Vested Rights • Due Process and Equal Protection • Freedom of Religion and Expression • Eminent Domain, Takings, and Exactions • Clean Air Act • Clean Water Act • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) • Superfund • Endangered Species Act • Safe Drinking Water Act • RCRA • Federal Transportation Laws • Federal Housing Laws • Federal Disaster Law • Other Federal Laws • State Enabling Legislation • State Environmental Policy Acts • Zoning Regulation • Subdivision Regulation • Planned Unit Development • Innovations in Local Zoning Regulations

2.Growth Management

Adequate Public Facilities and Concurrency • Urban Growth Areas • Development Impact Fees • Transfer and Purchase of Development Rights • Smart Growth Audits • Transportation and Land Use Connection

3.Preservation, Conservation, and Reuse

Open Space Preservation Techniques • Farmland Preservation • Land Evaluation and Site Assessment • Viewshed Protection • Historic Structures • Military Base Conversion • Brownfields • Rails To Trails

4.Revitalization and Economic Development

Capital Improvements Programming • Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Communities • Tax Increment Financing • Planned Manufacturing Districts • Redevelopment Agencies • Business Improvement Districts

5.Current Planning

Development Services • Staff Reports • Site Plan Review • Design Guidelines

6.Real Estate Development

Financing Methods and Techniques • Financial Planning and Analysis: The Pro Forma • Development and Approval Process


APA Chapters and Divisions
Planning Accreditation Board, Accredited University Planning Programs
Land-Based Classification System Graphic Symbols and Drawing Annotations APA Award-Winning Plans