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    • Hurricane Recovery Fails the Financially Vulnerable

      Based on a decade of data from Hurricane Sandy, two New York City planners explore the inequities of disaster mitigation and recovery — and what needs to change to prevent climate gentrification.
      by: Donovan Finn, PhD, Thaddeus Pawlowski       September 30, 2022
      Based on a decade of data from Hurricane Sandy, two New York City planners explore the inequities of disaster mitigation and recovery — and what needs to change to prevent climate gentrification.
    • How to Uncover and Honor LGBTQ+ History in the Built Environment

      Kentucky and Maryland are the first states to use historical context studies to highlight places influential to the LGBTQ+ community — and drive planning efforts.
      by: Tatiana Walk-Morris       May 20, 2022
      Kentucky and Maryland are the first states to use historical context studies to highlight places influential to the LGBTQ+ community — and drive planning efforts.
    • A Passion for Planning and Social Justice

      AAPI planner Chancee Martorell talks about raising the visibility of Thai and other immigrant communities, the three Ps of affordable housing, and dedication to “unwavering principle over political expediency.”
      by: Tippe Morlan, AICP       April 28, 2022
      AAPI planner Chancee Martorell talks about raising the visibility of Thai and other immigrant communities, the three Ps of affordable housing, and dedication to “unwavering principle over political expediency.”
    • What Planners Need to Know about Big Data

      Five applications and considerations to help you get started — and prioritize equity and privacy.
      by: Alexsandra Gomez       April 18, 2022
      Five applications and considerations to help you get started — and prioritize equity and privacy.
    • A Community-Powered Plan for Cultural Preservation

      From land to language, how Hilton Head Island's Gullah Geechee residents are working with planners to save their culture after generations of displacement.
      by: Philip Walker, FAICP       October 14, 2021
      From land to language, how Hilton Head Island's Gullah Geechee residents are working with planners to save their culture after generations of displacement.
    • 7 Trends Knocking at the Planning Office Door

      In today’s complex world, balancing everyday activities, near-term plans, and visioning for the future is more challenging than ever. APA Foresight has got you covered.
      by: Petra Hurtado, PhD, Alexsandra Gomez       July 08, 2021
      In today's rapidly changing world, it can be tough to stay abreast of all the challenges facing planners. This article explores seven of the most pressing trends for the profession and what they could mean for your community.
    • Dementia-Friendly Public Participation

      Accessible public engagement tools are key to ensuring the built environment meets the needs of community members with dementia and other disabilities.
      by: Samantha Biglieri, PhD, M.Pl.
      People living with dementia have the right to be included in the communities in which they live. Fortunately, there are several easy, low-cost accommodations practicing planners can make to better engage them in the planning process.
    • 6 Ways to Help Bridge the Racial Wealth Gap

      Planners can and should play a pivotal role in advancing equitable economic outcomes.
      by: Karen Kazmierczak       March 01, 2021
      Planners might not always have the authority to redirect funding to historically neglected communities, but they can still play a pivotal role in advancing more equitable outcomes. Here are six ways to get started.
    • Eliminating Racial Segregation Is Good Economic Policy

      Income disparities and racial segregation are deeply intertwined, burdening both people of color and the U.S. economy. Here's how we can reverse that trend.
      by: Tatiana Walk-Morris       January 01, 2021
      More than half a century after the Fair Housing Act outlawed policies like redlining, racial segregation continues to plague the U.S.
    • Three Essential Questions for Better Planning

      PAS Memo 110
      by: Kyle Ezell, FAICP CUD       February 01, 2022
      This PAS Memo introduces three essential planning questions that help planners ensure their work benefits as many people as possible, negatively impacts as few people as possible, and includes as many people as possible.
      APA members & PAS subscribers
    • Ending Zoning’s Racist Legacy

      Zoning Practice — January 2022
      by: Jennifer Raitt       January 01, 2022
      This issue of Zoning Practice summarizes how exclusionary zoning practices reinforce patterns of segregation originally established by illegal racial zoning, racially restrictive covenants, and federal policies in the first half of the 20th century. And it highlights steps Boston and Louisville, Kentucky, have taken to begin to rectify these inequities through zoning reforms.
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    • Partnering with Health Systems on Affordable Housing Investments

      PAS Memo — March-April 2021
      by: Alyia Gaskins
      The March/April 2021 edition of PAS Memo explains why and how planners can partner with hospitals and health systems to create more equitable communities through affordable housing development.
      Nonmember price
      APA members & PAS subscribers
    • Zoning, Land Use, and Local Policies for Environmental Justice

      Zoning Practice — March 2021
      by: Ana Baptista
      This issue of Zoning Practice reviews the relationships among zoning, land use, and environmental justice. It highlights local strategies that illustrate the diversity of approaches cities and counties across the country are using to protect traditionally overburdened areas from noxious land uses.
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    • Integrating Gender Mainstreaming into U.S. Planning Practice

      PAS Memo — November-December 2019
      by: Sherry Ryan
      The November-December 2019 PAS Memo introduces the concept of gender mainstreaming, describes how it has been used in the European context, and explores how it could — and why it should — be integrated into U.S. planning practice.
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    • A Framework for Promoting Equity Through Zoning

      Zoning Practice — July 2019
      by: Elizabeth Garvin, AICP       July 01, 2019
      This issue of Zoning Practice discusses why modern zoning has not produced equitable outcomes, identifies development outcomes that would be more equitable for local communities, and highlights broad opportunities for zoning reforms to support those outcomes.
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    • More and Better: Increasing Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Planning

      PAS Memo — May-June 2019
      by: Kendra Smith
      The May-June 2019 issue of PAS Memo discusses the opportunities and challenges of making diversity, equity, and inclusion regular and critical components of the urban planning profession.
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    • 4 Steps to Creating Inclusive, Anti-Racist Third Spaces

      Help community connections flourish.
      Four tips for defining and designing public outdoor third places to be intentionally inclusive, community driven, and anti-racist.
    • Five Ways to Plan for More Accessible Housing

      At least 25 percent of U.S. residents will experience a disability that impacts their daily life. How can we better prepare America's housing stock?
      November 01, 2020
      Here are five best practices and tools to help planners support move-in-ready accessible housing.
    • Fair Housing Is More Important Than Ever

      Zoning Practice — December 2018
      by: Donald Elliott, FAICP       December 01, 2018
      This issue of Zoning Practice​ reviews the basics of fair housing law, two recent developments in fair housing, and discusses practices to help close the gap between the current reality and the ideal of fair housing.
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    • Confronting Systemic Inequity With Institutional Change

      New initiatives and offices are pushing for more equitable policy outcomes — and holding cities accountable for the impacts of their decisions.
      Planning and other city departments are creating initiatives and offices to institutionalize racial and income equity and justice concerns.
    • Lessons for LEED® for Neighborhood Development, Social Equity, and Affordable Housing

      Journal of the American Planning Association, 82(1): 37-49, 2016
      by: Nicola Szibbo
      This article belongs to the Affordable Housing Programs, Green Building, and Social Equity collections.
    • Democracy in Action?: NIMBY as Impediment to Equitable Affordable Housing Siting

      Housing Studies, 30(5): 749-769, 2015
      by: Corianne Scally, J. Rosie Tighe
      This article investigates the impact of NIMBYism on affordable housing development, exposing the tension between democracy and equity.
    • “The White Space”

      Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 1(1): 10-21, 2015
      by: Eiljah Anderson
      This article discusses the fact that white people are able to avoid what is conceived as “the black space” while black people are forced to interact with “the white space.”
    • Cohousing's Diversity Problem

      CityLab, August 2017
      by: Amanda Abrams
      This article challenges the cohousing movement for its lack of diversity.
    • This Tactical Urbanist Is Pasting Narratives of Enslaved People All Over Richmond

      Next City, August 2018
      by: Gregory Scruggs, AICP
      This article highlights one woman’s efforts to share history in the former capital of the Confederacy using tactical urbanism.
    • As Disaster Costs Rise, So Does Inequality

      Socius, 4: 1-3, 2018
      by: Junia Howell, James Elliott, AICP
      This article examines how inequalities are reinforced in the aftermath of natural hazards.
    • Planning for Social Equity

      Land Lines, Winter 2017
      by: Kathleen McCormick
      This article tracks what Dallas and Baltimore are doing to center social equity in their planning efforts.
    • The Myth of Social Capital in Community Development

      Housing Policy Debate, 12(4): 781-806, 2001
      by: James Defilippis
      This article critiques Robert Putnam’s interpretation of social capital, which is foundational for much community development practice today.
    • Leisure Spaces as Potential Sites for Interracial Interaction: Community Gardens in Urban Areas

      Journal of Leisure Research, 36(3): 336-355, 2004
      by: Kimberly Shinew, Troy Glover, Diana Parry
      This article examines community gardens in St. Louis to answer whether leisure spaces are perceived as an ideal environment for interracial interaction.
    • Paul Davidoff and Advocacy Planning in Retrospect

      Journal of the American Planning Association, 60(2): 139-143, 1994
      by: Barry Checkoway
      This article shares how Paul Davidoff attempted to translate APA's ethical mandate into institutional and individual accountability.
    • Walking in Another's Shoes: Epistemological Challenges in Participatory Planning

      Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21(1): 17-31, 2001
      by: Karen Umemoto
      This article lays out five challenges that planners can have when working with communities that are culturally different from one’s own.
    • Is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Brownfields Assessment Pilot Program Environmentally Just?

      Environmental Health Perspectives, 110(2): 249-257, 2002
      by: Laura Solitare, Michael Greenberg
      This article assesses the EPA’s brownfields assessment pilot program to determine whether the program is environmentally just.
    • Cities and Diversity: Should We Want It? Can We Plan For It?

      Urban Affairs Review, 41(1): 3-19, 2005
      by: Susan Fainstein
      This article critiques planning’s focus on diversity and advocates instead for the model of the just city.
    • The Geography of Despair: Environmental Racism and the Making of South Phoenix, Arizona, USA

      Human Ecology Review, 12(2): 156-168, 2005
      by: Bob Bolin, Sara Grineski, Timothy Collins
      This article shares the story of residential and economic segregation by race and class in the development of the city of Phoenix, and its legacy of environmental injustice.
    • Promoting Equitable Development

      Indiana Law Review, 34: 1273-1290, 2001
      by: Angela Glover Blackwell
      This article tracks how social and economic changes have created new challenges and opportunities for addressing inequity.
    • Breaking Through to Regional Equity

      Race, Poverty & the Environment, Fall 2008
      by: M. Paloma Pavel
      This article urges planners to take a regional approach to equity planning, given that spatial racism is most visible at this scale.
    • Some Observations on Race in Planning

      Journal of the American Planning Association, 60(2): 235-240, 1994
      by: Robert Mier
      This article includes anecdotes about working with Mayor Harold Washington of Chicago, demonstrating the importance of equity as a clearly stated political priority.
    • A Ladder of Citizen Participation

      Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 35(4): 216-224, 1969
      by: Sherry Arnstein
      This article is a classic text that proposes a typology of citizen participation visualized on the rungs of a ladder, leading from manipulation to citizen control.
    • A Call to Courage: An Open Letter to Canadian Urbanists

      June 2020
      by: Jay Pitter
      This article and online training encourages urbanists working in the Canadian context to respond to discussions of systemic oppression and anti-Black racism occurring across North America.
    • Community Immersion, Trust-Building, and Recruitment Among Hard to Reach Populations: A Case Study of Muslim Women in Detroit Metro Area

      Qualitative Sociology Review, 14(3): 24-44, 2018
      by: Mehri Mohebbi, Annulla Linders, Carla Chifos, AICP
      This article shows that trust is a necessary component for doing research with hard-to-reach populations.
    • Equity Planning Outside City Hall: Rescaling Advocacy to Confront the Sources of Urban Problems

      Journal of Planning Education and Research, 35(3): 296-306, 2015
      by: Marc Doussard
      This article reviews how and when equity planners should partner with outside organizations to push for large-scale redistributive policies.
    • “We're Not in the Business of Housing:" Environmental Gentrification and the Nonprofitization of Green Infrastructure Projects

      Cities, 81(2018): 71-80, 2018
      by: Alessandro Rigolon, Jeremy Nemeth
      This article looks at the procedural justice issues of large green infrastructure projects.
    • Dietary Inequalities: What is the Evidence for the Effect of the Neighbourhood Food Environment?

      Health Place, 27: 229-242, 2014
      by: Christina Black, Graham Moon, Janis Baird
      This article outlines the state of research concerning food environments and dietary intake.
    • 6 Ways Cities Can Create Economic Opportunity for All

      Governing, July 2018
      by: Sterling Johnson
      This article argues that cities need to revise their planning processes in order to achieve more equity, rather than looking for policy solutions.
    • A Divided Neighborhood Comes Together Under an Elevated Expressway

      Next City, August 2018
      by: Katy Reckdahl
      This article tracks a group of New Orleans residents that are reclaiming a space stripped from their community decades ago.
    • Creating Welcoming and Inclusive Communities

      Minnesota Cities Magazine, May-Jun 2018
      by: Danielle Cabot
      This article features a city’s response to a hate crime and their efforts to create a more inclusive community.
    • Active Living and Social Justice: Planning for Physical Activity in Low-income, Black, and Latino Communities

      Journal of the American Planning Association, 72(1): 88-99, 2006
      by: Kristen Day
      This article belongs to the Built Environment and Health and Social Equity collections.
    • Do Strict Land Use Regulations Make Metropolitan Areas More Segregated by Income?

      Journal of the American Planning Association, 82(1): 6-21, 2016
      by: Michael Lens, Paavo Monkkonen
      This article finds that density restrictions are related to the segregation of the rich into enclaves and suggests that inclusionary housing requirements from regional and state agencies may help curb income segregation.
    • Refusing to Appropriate: The Emerging Discourse on Planning and Race

      Journal of the American Planning Association, 60(2): 242-243, 1994
      by: Teresa Cordova
      This article unapologetically claims that race cannot continue to be a taboo subject in planning and urges planners to create a more equitable planning process.
    • Evaluating Transportation Equity

      World Transport Policy & Practice, 8(2): 50-65, 2002
      by: Todd Litman
      This article introduces transport equity analysis and shares how to incorporate equity into project objectives and evaluation processes.

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