Eliminating Parking Minimums

Zoning Practice — June 2017

By Benjamin LeRoy


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For decades, many American planners unquestioningly applied minimum off-street parking requirements to projects of every conceivable size, type, and context. Meanwhile, a wealth of data-oriented research has produced a growing consensus within the planning profession that the traditional approach to requiring automobile parking produces more harm than good.

In response, cities and counties have begun chipping away at their parking requirements with a variety of techniques, such as shared parking formulas and fees-in-lieu of parking. While these incremental steps have generally proven popular with developers, relatively few communities have taken the bolder step of eliminating parking requirements in part or in full.

This issue of Zoning Practice explains the need for parking reform, profiles recent reform efforts in three cities, and presents a series of strategies to help planners make the case for eliminating off-street parking requirements to residents and elected officials.


Page Count
Date Published
June 1, 2017
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American Planning Association

About the Author

Benjamin LeRoy
<p>Ben is the Project Coordinator for the National Zoning Atlas. Prior to assuming this position, he spent more than 9 years with the City of Champaign Planning and Development Department, first as an Associate Planner and later as&nbsp;Zoning Administrator.&nbsp;Ben&#39;s service with APA includes current roles with the APA Planning and Law Division and the APA-IL Legislative Committee. He previously served as the Director of&nbsp;APA-ISS.&nbsp;Ben also teaches land use law for both the Department of Urban and Regional Planning and the College of Law at UIUC.</p>