Principles of Smart Development

PAS Report 479

By APA Planning Advisory Service, American Planning Association

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During the 1990s a growing number of citizens have come to understand the negative effects of sprawl. People in both urban and rural environments face the problem of accomodating growth in ways that protect community character yet foster economic development and cost efficiency.

This report describes the principles of such smart development, as well as strategies and solutions to overcome commmon obstacles.

An appendix includes code language taken from a variety of U.S. jurisdictions that can be adapted to implement specific principles. 

Product Details

Page Count
Date Published
Nov. 1, 1998
Adobe PDF

Table of Contents


1. The principles of smart development
Principle 1: Efficient use of land resources • Principle 2: Full use of urban services • Principle 3: Mix of uses • Principle 4: Transportation options • Principle 5: Detailed, human-scale design
• Principle 6: Implementation

2. Case studies
Fairview Village, Fairview, Oregon • Village Weistoria, Bend, Oregon

3. Obstacles to smart development

4. Strategies and solutions
Efficient use of land resources • Full use of urban services • Mixed use • Transportation options • Detailed, Human-scale up • Implementation

5. A community program for change

Governor's symposium on smart development • Ordinance provisions that communities can adapt to help implement smart development strategies