Zoning as a Barrier to Multifamily Housing Development
PAS Report 548
By Gerrit Knaap, Stuart Meck, FAICP, Terry Moore, FAICP, Robert Parker, AICP
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Does your code prevent the development of often-affordable multifamily housing? This report examines the relationships between zoning and housing in six metropolitan areas.
Using census and GIS data, the authors found indicators of zoning regulations and housing market performance in Boston; Miami-Dade County; Minneapolis–St. Paul; Portland; Sacramento; and Washington, D.C. They evaluated state statutes and regional and local plans in each metropolitan. The result is documentary evidence that exclusionary zoning is a significant barrier to higher-density, multifamily housing, which is often — but not always — more affordable than single-family housing.
The new GIS approach the authors used clearly illuminated the impact of regulatory barriers on housing affordability.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Background and Research Approach
Chapter 2: Research Methods
Chapter 3: Findings
Overview of Study Area Evaluation Methodology
Study Area Selection
Indicators Used in the Study Area Evaluations
Overview of Study Area Evaluations
Miami-Dade County, Florida
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota
Simulation Exercise: Metroscope
Chapter 4: Conclusions