Smart Codes: Model Land-Development Regulations

PAS Report 556

By Marya Morris, FAICP

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This report is a guide to the development of model smart growth ordinances, including models that may be adapted by local governments to implement special planning policies for multimodal transportation, infill development, affordable housing, and other best practices in planning and development regulation.

As used here, "smart growth ordinances" and "smart growth development codes" mean regulations intended to achieve a variety of objectives, including encouraging mixed uses, preserving open space and environmentally sensitive areas, providing a choice of housing types and transportation modes, and making the development review process more predictable.

Local policymakers, such as mayors, city council members, and planning commissioners, can use this report to familiarize themselves with the contents of land-development regulations; alternative ways to update such regulations; methods to incorporate smart growth objectives; and particular types of smart growth ordinances. Professional planners can use this report to assist policymakers in understanding both land-development regulation and the formulation of ordinances meeting smart growth objectives.

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Page Count
Date Published
April 15, 2009
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Development Codes and Smart Growth

Chapter 3: Model Comprehensive and Noncomprehensive Smart Growth Codes

Chapter 4: Model Smart Growth Land-Development Regulations with Commentary
4.1: Model Mixed Use Zoning District Ordinance
4.2: Model Live/Work Ordinance
4.3: Model Town Center Ordinance
4.4: Model Affordable Housing Density Bonus Ordinance
4.5: Model Unified Development Permit Review Process Ordinance
4.6: Model Transfer of Development Rights Ordinance
4.7: Model Cluster Development Ordinance
4.8: Model Pedestrian Overlay District (POD)
4.9: Model On-Site Access, Parking, and Circulation Ordinance
4.10: Model Shared Parking Ordinance
4.11: Model Street Connectivity Standards Ordinance
4.12: Urban Growth Boundary Model Ordinance
4.13: Transit Oriented Development Overlay Model Ordinance
4.14: Infill Development Incentives Model Ordinance
4.15: Critical Areas Model Ordinance
4.16: Home Occupations Model Ordinance
4.17: Complete Streets Overview and Model Policy
4.18: Grayfields Redevelopment Overview and Model Approaches
4.19: Form-Based Code Overview and Model Approaches
4.20: Lot Area Averaging Model Ordinance
4.21: Citizen Participation Model Ordinance